About DART

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  1. What is DART?
    DART stands for Delineation Action & Research Team. It is a programme designed to empower citizens in Malaysia to challenge any unfair or unconstitutional re-delineation proposals by the EC.
  2. Who is behind DART?
    The project is jointly developed and conducted by BERSIH 2.0 and ENGAGE.
  3. How can DART help me get ready for the EC?
    We have designed the DART programme in such a way that it is easy for ordinary citizens to understand and to use the tools which we will be providing.
  4. What is involved in a DART training?
    In a DART workshop you would be shown the importance of participating in the up-coming re-delineation exercise, the entire re-delineation process by the EC and the DART approach to the challenge.
  5. How long is a DART training session?
    A typical DART workshop would be three hours.
  6. What is so special about the DART approach to the re-delineation process?
    There are several reasons why the DART approach is special. Among them are:
    (a) It is based entirely on the guidelines provided by the Federal Constitution (FC) as found in the 13th Schedule, Part 1, Section 2. These are the same guidelines that EC is bound by. All our objections to the EC must be based on the law, not our personal or party preferences.
    (b) We took all the technicalities and complexity out of delineation. In other words, we did all the hard work to give you the tools that are easy to use but powerful. The tools are our DART Checklist, Legal Template and the DART Google Earth-based maps.
    (c) But what makes DART really special and powerful is YOU! Nobody knows a constituency better than a local voter. You know your community and terrain better than anyone else. Your input into the re-delineation process will contribute to better boundaries and representation for your community.
  7. What is the DART Checklist?
    It is a checklist of grounds for objections to new boundaries recommended by the EC. In other words, it is the guideline that the EC has to follow when they draw the boundaries of a constituency. It is based on the 13th Schedule and some of it are extracted from the EC’s own website. The DART Checklist is designed using easy-to-understand language and divided into questions relating to the size of the constituency, the way boundaries are drawn and other areas. You would need to go through a DART workshop to appreciate the Checklist. [ DOWNLOAD ]
  8. What is the Legal Template?
    As we said earlier, our objections must be based on the law, more specifically the 13th Schedule of the FC. When you file in your objections to the EC together with 100+ other affected voters in your constituency, you must state clearly what and why you are objecting. The Template together with the Checklist helps you prepare your Letter of Objection (Surat Bantahan) to the EC. Whatever you “checked” on the Checklist, there will be an equivalent and expanded legal argument in the Template. You just need to Copy & Paste the relevant parts of the Template to prepare your Surat Bantahan. It would help if there is a lawyer on your team but it is not absolutely necessary. [ DOWNLOAD ]
  9. Why do you need to have maps?
    In DART’s methodology, our mapping tool has two purposes.
    (a) As a training tool. Because we use Google Earth (with satellite images), our maps are interactive: you can zoom right down to street level, view houses, rivers, mountains, highways, etc. Furthermore, with current Parliamentary, State Constituency and polling districts and local authority boundaries, you can really see and understand how we are partitioned electorally.
    (b) To propose a better boundary. To support our objections to EC’s proposed delineation of our constituency, we are able to produce a map with boundaries of our constituency that are compliant to the 13th Schedule and supported with local knowledge of the communities and the terrains.
  10. Is it compulsory to have a proposal map?
    No. The main objective of DART is to prepare you to object to any unfair or unconstitutional delineation by the EC. A proposal map of your constituency is to support your objections, showing to EC how you as affected voters (AV) see your constituency. Showing a map without objecting to what EC is proposing would be an exercise in futility.
  11. What is the objective of DART?
    To contribute to a better re-delineation of our electoral boundaries by objecting to any unfair or unconstitutional proposal by the EC.
  12. What are the goals of DART?
    (a) To see a substantial increase in the quantity of objections made to the EC compared with the last re-delineation exercise.
    (b) To raise the quality of the objections by basing the objections on the principles as outlined in the 13th Schedule of the FC.


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